Silja Line

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Tallink Silja Line
TypeSubsidiary
IndustryShipping
Founded1957
HeadquartersHelsinki, Finland[1]
Area served
Northern Europe
Key people
Margus Schults
ProductsFerries, port services, passenger transportation, freight transportation, holidays, business travel
ParentAS Tallink Grupp
Websitewww.tallinksilja.com

Silja Line is a Swedish-Finnish cruiseferry brand operated by the Estonian ferry company AS Tallink Grupp, for car, cargo and passenger traffic between Finland and Sweden.

The former company Silja Oy—today Tallink Silja Oy—is a subsidiary of the Tallink Grupp, handling marketing and sales for Tallink and Silja Line brands in Finland as well as managing Tallink Silja's ship employees. Another subsidiary, Tallink Silja AB, handles marketing and sales in Sweden. Strategical corporate management is performed by Tallink Grupp which also own the ships.[2]

As of 2009 four ships service two routes under the Silja Line brand, transporting about three million passengers and 200,000 cars every year.[3] The Silja Line ships have a market share of around 50 percent on the two routes served.

The Silja Line logo features the text Silja Line and a figure of a seal.[4] Since 2014 the figure of the seal has been smiling.[5] The famous theme tune heard in Silja Line's television commercials comes from the tune Un homme et une femme ("A man and a woman") by the French film composer Francis Lai.[6]

History[edit]

1904–1957[edit]

The history of Silja Line can be traced back to 1904 when two Finnish shipping companies, Finland Steamship Company (Finska Ångfartygs Aktiebolaget, FÅA for short) and Steamship Company Bore, started collaborating on Finland–Sweden traffic. The initial collaboration agreement was terminated in 1909, but re-established in 1910. After World War I in 1918 a new agreement was made that also included the Swedish Rederi AB Svea. Originally the collaboration agreement applied only on service between Turku and Stockholm, but it was also applied to the Helsinki–Stockholm route in 1928. As a precursor to the policies later adopted by Silja Line, each of the three companies ordered a near-identical ship for Helsinki–Stockholm service to coincide with the 1952 Summer Olympics, held in Helsinki.[7] Eventually only Finland SS Co.'s SS Aallotar was ready in time for the Olympics.[8] At this time the city of Helsinki constructed the Olympia Terminal in Helsinki's South Harbour, which Silja Line's ships still use.[9]

Model of MS Botnia in Siljavarustamo livery
Silja Line's old logo

1957–1970[edit]

Realising that car-passenger ferries would be the dominant traffic form in the future, the three collaborating companies decided to form a daughter company, Oy Siljavarustamo/Siljarederiet Ab.[10] The new company started out with used ships, which were not particularly well-fitted for the role they were meant for,[10] but in 1961 Silja took delivery of the new MS Skandia, the first purpose-built car-passenger ferry in the northern Baltic Sea. Skandia's sister MS Nordia followed the next year and the era's giant MS Fennia in 1966.[11] Two more ships based on the Skandia design, MS Botnia and MS Floria, were delivered in 1967 and 1970 respectively.[12][13]

Despite the establishment of Silja, FÅA, Bore and Svea also continued to operate on the same routes with their own ships. This led to a somewhat complex situation where four different companies were marketed as one entity. In Finland they went by the name Ruotsinlaivat ('Sweden's Ships' or 'Ships to Sweden') whereas in Sweden the preferred terms were Det Samseglande (roughly 'the ones that sail together'), Finlandsbåten ('Finland's Ships') or Sverigebåten ('Sweden Ships'). In both countries the names of all four companies were usually displayed alongside the group identity.[14]

1970–1980[edit]

In 1967 three of Silja's rival companies had formed a joint marketing and coordination company, Viking Line, which was to become Silja Line's main rival for the next two decades.[15] FÅA, Bore and Svea soon realised that a similar arrangement would be preferable to their current fragmented image, and in 1970 a big change was carried out within the organisations: Silja Line was established as a joint marketing and coordination company between FÅA, Bore and Svea, and the ships of Siljavarustamo were divided between these three. All Silja Line ships were painted in the same colour scheme, with a white hull and superstructure, with Silja Line and the seal's head logo on the side in dark blue.[16] Each company retained their own funnel colours, so it was easy to distinguish which ship belonged to which company even from a distance: Svea's funnels were white with a large black S, FÅA's were black with two white bands, and Bore's were yellow with a blue/white cross.

MS Bore Star, built 1975, left the Silja fleet in 1986 and re-joined it in 1993 as MS Wasa Queen.

Already before the reorganisation Silja had ordered two new ships from Dubigeon-Normandie S.A. of Nantes to begin year-round service between Helsinki and Stockholm (until then the route was summers only). In 1972 these were delivered to FÅA and Svea as MS Aallotar and MS Svea Regina, respectively. Passenger numbers on the Helsinki route grew fast and already in 1973 it was decided that the three companies would each order a ship of identical design from the same shipyard to replace the current Helsinki–Stockholm ships. These were delivered in 1975, first MS Svea Corona and MS Wellamo, followed by MS Bore Star in December. However, winter passenger numbers were insufficient for three ships, and as a result Bore Star was chartered to Finnlines during the winters of 1975–76 and 1976–77.[16] In 1976 Finland SS Co changed its name to Effoa (the Finnish phonetic spelling of FÅA).[17] During the latter part of the 1970s Effoa's old ferries MS Ilmatar and MS Regina cruised the Baltic, Norwegian fjords and the Atlantic (from Málaga) under the marketing name Silja Cruises.[16]

1980–1986[edit]

In 1979 Svea and Effoa decided again to order new ships for the Helsinki–Stockholm route, which would be the largest ferries of their time. Bore, however, decided not to participate in building new ships, and in 1980 opted to bow out of passenger traffic altogether (Bore Line still exists as a freight-carrying company).[16] Their two ships were sold to Effoa and their shares of Silja Line split between the two other companies.[17] In Finland, and later in Sweden, a large maritime strike in spring 1980 stopped ferry traffic completely and prompted Effoa to terminate the Silja Cruises service.[18]

Despite the difficulties Silja's first real cruiseferries, Finlandia and MS Silvia Regina, entered service in 1981, which led to a 45% raise in passenger numbers. Late in the same year Johnson Line purchased Rederi AB Svea, and the former Svea ships received Johnson Line's blue/yellow colours. The good experiences with the new Helsinki ships prompted Effoa and Johnson Line to order two ships built on a similar principle for traffic on the Turku–Stockholm route, which were delivered in 1985 and 1986 as MS Svea and MS Wellamo. Although similar in proportions and interior layout, the new ships sported an attractive streamlined superstructure instead of the box-like superstructure of Finlandia and Silvia Regina.[18]

Model of the world's fastest cruiseferry, GTS Finnjet, in 1980s Silja Line livery (ships owned by Johnson Line had different funnel colours).

1987–1992[edit]

1987 was a very eventful year for Silja. Effoa had purchased the famously fast GTS Finnjet the previous year and from the beginning of 1987 the prestigious but unprofitable "Queen of the Baltic Sea" joined Silja Line's fleet. Later in the same year Effoa and Johnson Line jointly purchased Rederi Ab Sally, one of the owners of their rival Viking Line. The other Viking Line partners forced the new owners to sell their share in Viking, but Effoa and Johnson Line retained Vaasanlaivat / Vasabåtarna, Sally Cruises, Sally Ferries UK and Commodore Cruise Line. Although the purchase of Sally had no effect on Silja Line's traffic for the time being, it proved to be important later. Finally 1987 saw another order of new ships for the Helsinki–Stockholm route, which would again be the largest ferries ever built, eventually named MS Silja Serenade and MS Silja Symphony. Not revealed at the time, the new ships had a 140-meter promenade-street running along the center of the ship, a feature never seen before in a ship, but by the first decade of the 21st century commonly found on Royal Caribbean International's and Color Line's newer ships.[18]

In late 1989 Wärtsilä Marine, the shipyard building Silja's new cruiseferries, went bankrupt, which led to the ships being delivered later than had been planned. To ensure the delivery of their ferries Effoa and Johnson Line both purchased a part of the new Masa-Yards established to continue shipbuilding in Wärtsilä's former shipyards.[18]

Nineteen-ninety saw the realisation of an old vision: Effoa and Johnson Line merged to form EffJohn. As a result, the seal's head logo replaced the colours of each individual owner company on the funnel. In November the new MS Silja Serenade made its maiden voyage from Helsinki to Stockholm, approximately seven months after the original planned delivery date. MS Silja Symphony was delivered the following year. Although popular and sporting a successful design, the new ships had been very expensive. This expense, coupled with the depression in the early 1990s, forced EffJohn to cut costs, which resulted in Wasa Line and Sally Cruises being merged into Silja Line in 1992. Also in 1992, Svea and Wellamo were modernised and renamed Silja Karneval and Silja Festival, respectively.[19]

MS Silja Europa, the largest cruiseferry in the world from 1993 to 2001, was built for Viking Line but chartered on delivery to Silja Line by the shipyard.

1993–2006[edit]

The year 1993 began with a bang. In January it was reported that Silja Line had chartered MS Europa, a ship under construction for Rederi AB Slite, one of the owners of Viking Line. Because of financial troubles Slite could not pay for their new ship, and the shipyard decided to charter it to Silja instead. Later in the same year Silja joined forces with Euroway on their MalmöTravemündeLübeck route. The route proved unprofitable and was terminated in spring 1994.[19]

MS Sally Albatross was grounded outside Helsinki in spring 1994 and suffered major damage, which prompted Silja to give up traffic on her. September 1994 saw the largest peace-time maritime disaster on the Baltic Sea, the sinking of MS Estonia. Silja Europa, Silja Symphony and Finnjet all assisted in searching for survivors from the disaster. Silja Festival was berthed opposite Estonia in Tallinn the day before the sinking,[20] but she was in Helsinki when Estonia sank and did not come to her assistance. The Estonia sinking led to passenger numbers dropping, which did not help Silja's precarious financial situation. The company was now the largest on the Baltic Sea, having finally overtaken Viking Line in 1993, but financially it was not doing well. In 1995 Effjohn changed their name to Silja Oy Ab. Three years later the name was changed again, this time to Neptun Maritime.[19]

In 1999 Silja faced two big changes. Tax-free sales ended on routes between EU countries, which forced the Helsinki–Stockholm ships to start calling at Mariehamn in Åland, whose autonomous status within Finland allowed them to stay outside the EU tax union after the country joined the EU in 1994 and so avoid the end of tax-fee sales. A bigger change was Sea Containers purchasing the majority of Neptun Maritime's shares.[19] In 2000 the new owners brought one of their Super SeaCats into service on the Helsinki–Tallinn route and Neptun Maritime again changed its name, this time to Silja Oyj Abp. In the same year the route between Vaasa and Umeå was terminated as unprofitable.[21]

By 2004 Sea Containers owned Silja Line entirely. The company was doing well financially and all seemed to be going well. However, Sea Containers' other operations were not as profitable and in late 2005 they announced their intent to give up their ferry division completely; this naturally including selling Silja Line. In preparation for the sale the unprofitable Finnjet and MS Silja Opera were taken out of service and transferred under Sea Containers' ownership. Silja Serenade and Symphony were also rebuilt in early 2006 to make them more attractive to potential buyers.[21]

2006–present[edit]

MS Galaxy was transferred from the fleet of Tallink to that of Silja Line in 2008.
SuperSeaCat Three in 2007

May 2006 saw the sale of Silja Line to the Estonian Tallink. The SuperSeaCats trafficking between Helsinki and Tallinn were not included in the sale as their purchase would have given Tallink a dominant market position on the route, which would have resulted in the competition regulators of Finland and Estonia not approving the sale. As a result, Sea Containers, after barely a year before announcing their intention to give up the ferry business completely, continued operating them under the SuperSeaCat brand. In late 2006 the land organisations of Tallink and Silja Line were reorganised in Finland so that Tallink Finland and Superfast Finland were merged into Oyj Silja Abp, which now took care of all Finnish operations of Tallink/Silja. Shortly afterwards Oyj Silja Abp was renamed into Tallink Silja Oy. Similarly the land organisations in Sweden became Tallink Silja AB.[21]

Tallink stated that it intended to keep the Silja Line brand separated from Tallink.[22] However, most Silja Line marketing in Finland[citation needed] and Sweden has since the takeover been made under the combined Tallink Silja name.[23]

In July 2008, the Tallink ship MS Galaxy replaced the Silja Festival on the Turku–Mariehamn–Stockholm route. The Galaxy was flagged to Sweden[24] and the text Silja Line was painted on her hull sides. The Tallink logo remained on her funnel and the Navitrolla-designed livery of the ship, which differs from the livery of other Silja ships, was not altered.[25] The Silja Festival, while remaining registered under the same name, was in turn moved to Tallink's Stockholm–Riga route, her funnel repainted in Tallink colours and the text Tallink painted on her sides.

In October 2009, the Managing Director of Silja Line (Tallink Silja Oy), Keijo Mehtonen, retired and Margus Schults was appointed to the post.[26]

In February 2013 MS Baltic Princess switched routes with the MS Silja Europa, with Baltic Princess now placed on the Turku–Stockholm route and Silja Europa on Helsinki–Tallinn cruises.

In July 2022, Tallink announced that MS Galaxy would be withdrawn in September 2022 from the Turku–Stockholm service for at least seven months. One month later, it was announced that Galaxy's sister ship on the same route, MS Baltic Princess, at the same time would abandon calls at Mariehamn and Stockholm, instead calling at Långnäs and Kapellskär respectively. Tallink states that these changes are temporary and that full service would resume after the market downturn. [27]

Fleet[edit]

Current fleet[edit]

Ship Type Built Entered
service
Route Tonnage Flag Notes
MS Silja Serenade Cruiseferry 1990 1990 HelsinkiMariehamnStockholm 58,376 GT  Finland
MS Silja Symphony Cruiseferry 1991 1991 HelsinkiMariehamnStockholm 58,376 GT  Sweden
MS Galaxy Cruiseferry 2006 2008 TurkuMariehamn/LångnäsStockholm 48,915 GT  Estonia Transferred from Tallink, replaced MS Silja Festival.
MS Baltic Princess Cruiseferry 2008 2013 TurkuMariehamn/LångnäsStockholm 48,915 GT  Finland Transferred from Tallink, replaced MS Silja Europa.

Former ships[edit]

Ships that are still in use are marked in green.

Ship In service Owner/operator Tonnage Status as of 2021
SS Silja 1957–1967 Siljavarustamo 1,599 GRT Scrapped in Helsinki, Finland, 1971.
SS Warjo 1957–1964 Siljavarustamo 861 GRT Scrapped in Baia, Italy, 1983.
SS Regin 1960 Siljavarustamo 735 GRT Scrapped in Göteborg, Sweden, 1968.
MS Skandia 1961–1974 Siljavarustamo
Finland Steamship Company
3,593 GRT Sunk in the Atlantic, 1986.
MS Nordia 1962–1974 Siljavarustamo
Rederi AB Svea
3,631 GRT Scrapped in Eleusis, Greece, 1988.
MS Fennia 1966–1970
1970–1984
1993–2001
Siljavarustamo
Svea Line (Finland)
EffJohn; Silja Line
6,396 GRT
6,396 GRT
10,515 GT
Scrapped in 2010.
MS Botnia 1967–1970
1970–1975
Siljavarustamo
Steamship Company Bore
3,440 GRT Sunk outside Morocco, 2008.
SS Bore 1970–1976 Steamship Company Bore 3,492 GRT Since 2010 hotel/restaurant/museum ship.
MS Ilmatar 1970–1974, 1978–1980 Finland Steamship Company 5,101 GRT; 7,155 GRT Scrapped in 2015.
SS Birger Jarl
SS Bore Nord
1970–1973
1974, 1976
Rederi AB Svea
Steamship Company Bore
3,236 GRT Since 2002 MS Birger Jarl for Ånedin Linjen.
MS Floria 1970–1975 Finland Steamship Company 4,051 GRT Scrapped in India, 2008.
MS Aallotar 1972–1977 Finland Steamship Company 7,800 GRT Scrapped in Alang, India, 2004.
MS Svea Regina
MS Regina
1972–1978
1979
Rederi AB Svea
Effoa
8,020 GRT Scrapped in Alang, India, 2005.
MS Bore I
MS Skandia
1973–1980
1980–1983
Steamship Company Bore
Effoa
8,528 GRT Since 2007 MS Rigel for Ventouris Ferries.
MS Svea Corona 1975–1984 Rederi AB Svea; Johnson Line 12,348 GRT Scrapped in Aliağa, Turkey, 1995.
MS Wellamo
MS Svea Corona
1975–1981
1984–1985
Effoa
Johnson Line
12,348 GRT Sunk in 2017.
MS Bore Star
MS Silja Star
MS Wasa Queen
1976–1980
1980–1986
1992–2000
Bore Line
Effoa
EffJohn
12,348 GRT Scrapped in India, 2013.
MS Finlandia 1981–1990 Effoa 25,905 GRT Since 2016 MS Moby Dada for Moby Lines.
MS Silvia Regina 1981–1991 Rederi Ab Svea; Johnson Line 25,905 GRT Since 1994 MS Stena Saga for Stena Line.
MS Svea
MS Silja Karneval
1985–1992
1992–1994
Johnson Line
EffJohn
33,829 GT
34,694 GT
Since 2008 MS Mega Smeralda for Corsica Ferries.
MS Wellamo
MS Silja Festival
1986–1992
1992–2008
Effoa; EffJohn
Silja Line
33,829 GT
34,414 GT
Since 2015 MS Mega Andrea for Corsica Ferries.
GTS Finnjet 1987–2006 Effoa; EffJohn 32,490 GT Scrapped in Alang, India, 2009.
MS Silja Star 1990 Effoa 15,598 GT Sunk in 1994 as MS Estonia.
MS Sally Albatross
MS Silja Opera
1992–1994
2002–2006
EffJohn
Silja Line
25,076 GT
25,611 GT
Since 2007 MS Cristal for Celestyal Cruises.
MS Frans Suell
MS Silja Scandinavia
1993–1994
1994–1997
Euroway
EffJohn
35,285 GT Since 1997 MS Gabriella for Viking Line.
MS Stena Invicta
(marketed as Wasa Jubilee)
1998 Silja Line 19,763 GT Since 2000 MS Color Viking for Color Line.
HSC SuperSeaCat Four 2000–2006, summers only Sea Containers 4,465 GT Since 2009 HSC Speedrunner IV for Aegean Speed Lines.
HSC SeaCat Denmark 2000 SeaContainers 3,003 GT Since 2006 HSC Pescara Jet with SNAV.
HSC SuperSeaCat Three 2003–2006, summers only SeaContainers 4,465 GT Since 2009 HSC Speedrunner III for Aegean Speed Lines.
HSC SuperSeaCat One summer 2005 SeaContainers 4,465 GT Since 2006 HSC Almudaina Dos for Acciona Trasmediterránea.
MS Silja Europa 1993–2013 Effoa; EffJohn
Silja Line
59,914 GT
59,914 GT
Since 2013 sailing for Tallink.
1May be specified in gross tonnage (GT) or gross register tons (GRT, if built pre-1982).

Terminals[edit]

Silja Line has five terminals, of which four are in Finland (two in mainland Finland and two in Åland) and one in Sweden.

Silja Line terminal in Helsinki, Finland.

Finland

Silja Line terminal in Stockholm, Sweden.

Sweden

Mascot[edit]

Harri Hylje is Silja Line's seal mascot and the company's signature animal appearing in its logo. A living Harri Hylje figure appears on Silja Line ships especially on weekends and on school holiday periods.[28]

History[edit]

The seal logo originated in 1967, allegedly half-accidentally from word play. During a brainstorming meeting among the marketing department, someone said in Swedish: "Who could bring some comfort for a thirsty soul?" The Swedish word for "soul" is själ, and in the archipelago it is pronounced similarly to the word for "seal", which is säl. The company name Silja Line had not yet been invented at the time, instead the cooperating shipping companies Bore, Effoa and Svea used the marketing name Ruotsinlaivat ("The ships to Sweden") in Finland and De Samseglande Finlandsbåtarna ("The ships to Finland sailing together") in Sweden.[29]

At first the seal figure in the company's advertisements had multiple appearances: it swam along the ships, jumped in the water, sometimes even wore sunglasses and looked different depending on the artist in Finnish and Swedish marketing. At the start of the 1970s, when the marketing name Silja Line was taken into use, the Finnish advertising graphic artist Viktor Kaltala and the Swedish Janne Sjöström spent a day and a half together to come up with a common seal character for the Silja Line Logo. The Silja Line seal logo has since been altered at least in 1972, 2012[30] and 2014.[29]

In spring 2009 Tallink Silja donated one euro for each Harri Hylje mascot sold on board Silja Line ships to the WWF Finland Baltic Sea campaign Operaatio Merenneito ("Operation Mermaid"). The total amount of donations rose up to 11 thousand euro.[31]

In autumn 2014 Tallink Silja, the advertising company Hasan & Partners and the outdoor advertising company JCDecaux produced an interactive advertising campaign based on the Harri Hylje figure at the tram stop outside the Helsinki Central railway station. Citizens could play or take selfies with a remotely controlled Harri Hylje figure shown on a video screen. The device printed gift cards for ferry cruises as a reward.[32]

In 2018 the play equipment manufacturer Lappset produced Harri Hylje themed play ships for the Silja Serenade and the Silja Symphony.[33]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ tallinksilja.com
  2. ^ Tallink corporate structure Archived 2008-10-11 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 2009-01-12
  3. ^ Tallink annual report 2006/2007, retrieved 2008-09-08[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Tallink Silja kiistää: Hylkeen hymyä ei hyydytetty, Taloussanomat 8 May 2012.
  5. ^ Lehdistötilaisuus m/s Silja Symphonylla 2.9.2014, Valkeat laivat 2 September 2014.
  6. ^ Leinonen, Pauliina: Tiesitkö, mistä Silja Linen ikimuistoinen tunnari on peräisin?, Ilta-Sanomat 19 May 2017. Accessed on 24 July 2022.
  7. ^ Malmberg, Thure; Stampehl, Marko (2007). Siljan viisi vuosikymmentä (in Finnish). Espoo: Frenckellin Kirjapaino Oy. pp. 20–22. ISBN 978-951-98405-7-4.
  8. ^ Malmberg & Stampehl (2007): page 246
  9. ^ (in Finnish) Valkeat laivat: Matkustajaliikenteen vaiheita Archived 2007-10-06 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 9 October 2007
  10. ^ a b (in Finnish) Valkeat laivat: Siljavarustamo perustetaan Archived 2007-10-06 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 9 October 2007
  11. ^ (in Finnish) Valkeat laivat: Uusia laivoja, uusia linjoja Archived 2007-10-06 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 9 October 2007
  12. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Botnia (1967)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 2008-10-04.
  13. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Floria (1970)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 1 August 2012. Retrieved 2008-10-04.
  14. ^ Malmberg & Stampehl (2007): page 108
  15. ^ vikingline.fi: "40 Years of Ferry Service", retrieved 9 October 2007
  16. ^ a b c d (in Finnish) Valkeat laivat: Ympäri vuoden Helsingistä Archived 2007-10-06 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 9 October 2007
  17. ^ a b (in Finnish) Valkeat laivat: Svea, FÅA ja Bore Archived 2007-10-06 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 9 October 2007
  18. ^ a b c d (in Finnish) Valkeat laivat: Valkeat kaunottaret saapuvat Archived 2007-10-06 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 9 October 2007
  19. ^ a b c d (in Finnish) Valkeat laivat: Loistoristelijöiden ja tappiovuosien aikakausi Archived 2007-10-06 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 9 October 2007
  20. ^ Estonia Final Report: The Departure, archived on 2008-02-07
  21. ^ a b c (in Finnish) Valkeat laivat: Uudet tuulet puhaltavat Archived 2007-10-06 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 9 October 2007
  22. ^ (in Finnish) Matkalehti 11 October 2007: Brändi säilyy ja kehittyy: Siljan 50 vuotta Archived 22 June 2008 at archive.today, retrieved 18 October 2007
  23. ^ Tallink Silja official website, retrieved 18 October 2007
  24. ^ (in Finnish) Turun Sanomat 16 October 2007: Enn Pant uskoo Galaxyn nostavan matkustajien määrää Turun-reitillä[permanent dead link], retrieved 16 October 2007
  25. ^ "MS Galaxy at Fakta om fartyg". Archived from the original on 31 July 2012.
  26. ^ kauppalehti.fi Archived 2009-10-16 at the Wayback Machine: Kauppalehti: Tallinkin ruoriin uusi kapteeni (15 October 2009)
  27. ^ (in Swedish) TallinkSilja plans on returning, retrieved 23 August 2022
  28. ^ Elämyksiä pikku seiloreille, Tallink Silja. Accessed on 24 February 2019.
  29. ^ a b Koski, Sami: Olipa kerran hylje..., Valkeat laivat 8 August 2016. Accessed on 23 February 2019.
  30. ^ Turunen, Miia: Siljan hylje ei enää hymyile, Markkinointi & Mainonta 8 May 2012. Accessed on 23 February 2019.
  31. ^ Tallink Siljan Harri Hylje -kampanja tuotti WWF:lle 11 013 euroa, press release, Tallink Silja 3 December 2009. Accessed on 23 February 2019.
  32. ^ Silja Linen hylje tanssittaa ohikulkijoita ratikkapysäkillä – "Harri Hylje saattaa myös palkita matkustajat", Markkinointi & Mainonta 24 October 2014. Accessed on 23 February 2019.
  33. ^ Leikkilaivat viihdyttävät nyt perheen pienimpiä risteilyvieraita, Lappset 2018. Accessed on 23 February 2019.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Id, Kalle (2013). Silija Line: from De Samseglande to Tallink. Ramsey, Isle of Man: Ferry Publications. ISBN 9781906608712.

External links[edit]